Current living 14 January, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria, yeast and parasites experience changes that make them resistant to the treatments used for the infections they cause.
This resistance is generally caused by the improper use of medications such as taking antibiotics to treat viral infections, self-medicating or sharing medications with others.
According to the World Health Organization, other factors that increase this resistance include using low quality medications, inaccurate prescriptions and a lack of prevention and controlling infections.
This growing phenomenon is a public health issue because without efficient treatment, infections from resistant microorganisms can lead to complications and even death.
To fight bacterial resistance, the Colombian Association of Infectious Diseases provides a list of responsible behaviors to consider:
- Only take antibiotics if your health professional prescribes them.
- Never self-medicate, as this can pose a risk to your health.
- Only take antibiotics in the dosage, frequency and period of time for which they were prescribed.
- Do not increase the dosage of antibiotics you take. Instead of helping you to get better faster, this can increase your risk of side effects.
- If symptoms of the infection continue after finishing your prescribed amount, do not continue to take them. Instead, see your doctor.
- Remember that antibiotics are only appropriate for treating bacteria-related infections, not infections caused by viruses such as the flu.
- Never share your antibiotics with others or save them to be used later without consulting your physician.
- Wash your hands frequently to prevent catching resistant viruses and bacteria.
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