In order for it to function properly, the body needs cholesterol, a fatty substance that exists naturally in the body. Too much cholesterol in the blood increases your risk of heart disease.
Asesor: Alejandro Román González. Endocrinologist at San Vicente Foundation Hospital.
20 years old is the recommended age for getting your first lipid profile blood exam. According to findings from evidence-based medicine, if your results are good, the test is repeated after 5 years; if they are not good, the test should be repeated every year.
A serious condition
Bad cholesterol (LDL) may be rooted in environmental or genetic causes. In either case, the use of medications such as statins can help lower it. These should be prescribed by a physician as they are generally used for long periods of time. Contraindications include kidney failure and advanced liver disease.
Blood tests allow physicians to see the different types of fat in the blood. These tests measure cholesterol, triglycerides, bad cholesterol (LDL) and good cholesterol (HDL) in order to determine if there is a problem and identify the risk level to you. Keeping a healthy diet and getting exercise can help keep cholesterol levels under control.
30% of the population in Colombia has a cholesterol problem.
Keep in mind
The good: Good cholesterol (HDL) allows for fats to flow through the blood to the liver, where they are processed and eliminated.
The bad: When bad cholesterol is stored in the arteries, they become thick, rigid and turn yellow, which is the color of cholesterol.
Warning signs of high blood pressure: Dizziness, blurry vision, chest pain, pain or discomfort from walking or exercising and overall fatigue.