With people who are diabetic, a regular eye exam can help prevent the development of diabetic macular edema (DME) as well as degenerative changes in the eyes.
Medical Advisor: Juan Gonzalo Sánches, Ophthalmologist
How it affects the quality of your vision
DME affects the macula, located in the center of the retina, the area of the eye that allows a person to have high-definition vision to distinguish faces, read and drive. Problems associated with this condition occur when the fluid leaks from the blood vessels and accumulate in the retina, affecting the macula and causing swelling or thickening.
- 12% of diabetic patients in Colombia are blind, according to the World Health Organization.
Regular eye checkups
This is a painless disease that may show few warning signs at the beginning. The most common symptoms are blurry vision with spots and contrast loss. The more advanced the diabetes is, the more likely you are to develop this condition.
- 60% of people with diabetes in Colombia are diagnosed with this DME.
Keep in mind
- Keep close track of your blood sugar level and blood pressure and keep your lipids under control to avoid complications with your retina.
- There are several treatments for different retina conditions, but keeping it under control successfully depends on getting consistent checkups.
- Education and prevention are key in order for people with diabetes and their families to be aware that they are susceptible to developing DME.