Kidneys are the most important organs of the urinary system and are responsible for filtering, absorbing and reabsorbing liquids that pass through them to produce urine.
Medical Advisor Jorge Rico – Nephrologist
Sources: World Health Organization
The Colombian Association of Nephrology and Arterial Hypertension
The objectives of World Kidney Day are to care for your kidneys and prevent kidney disease, as there is little awareness of it. This year, the day will be held on March 9 in over 150 countries throughout the world with the campaign, “Healthy lifestyle for healthy kidneys.”
The main functions of these organs are to filter the blood, eliminate waste products from the body through the urine, regulate the urine production, separate the hormones erythropoietin and renin, and assist in absorbing vitamin D (for bone metabolism) and in producing glucose (gluconeogenesis).
Nephrologist Jorge Rico explains that the kidneys can host a variety of diseases that can be prevented by drinking enough water, eating healthy and getting exercise. When these organs deteriorate, however, this can lead to a need for dialysis or for an organ transplant.
“Minor to severe Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) can occur. The prevalence and incidence of this condition is high, but its symptoms are silent. In its early phases, people do not experience any symptoms. When they finally do appear, it is because the disease has progressed and treatment serves as a support, not as prevention,” he explains•
A balanced urinary system
Having a balanced urinary system depends on our kidney function. Keeping a workout routine, checking your blood sugar levels and blood pressure on a regular basis, healthy eating and controlling your weight will all help prevent the diseases and conditions that cause kidney damage.
2.2% of the country’s population suffers from kidney disease.
1 of every 10 people in the world have some phase of kidney disease.
Symptoms and risk factors
Weakness, fatigue, exhaustion, poor appetite, changes to your state of sleep, difficulty breathing, digestive issues and changes in mood are all symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The risk factors for this disease includes having high blood pressure, diabetes, having a family history, smoking, obesity and being older than 50.
6% is the rate of the annual growth of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Colombia.
Take care of your kidneys
Some habits that can help organs to function properly include lowering your salt intake (the recommended daily amount is 5-6 grams), not smoking, avoiding the use of medications that can damage the kidneys, and keeping yourself well hydrated.
190 liters a day of blood is the average number of liters that the kidneys need to produce about two liters of waste and water.