Focus on the skin Focus on the skin

The most extensive organ in the body is also its primary barrier from viruses and diseases. Using sunscreen daily is key to preventing disease.

Medical advisor : Mónica Escobar Franco, Dermatologist

Some of the skin’s essential functions that provide people with health and wellbeing include regulating body temperature, protecting your body from the dangerous properties of the sun’s rays, synthesizing vitamin D and keeping your liquids in balance. Because it is an external organ and is the first barrier to protecting the body from bacteria and viruses, it is sensitive and requires special treatment during everyday activities to prevent the negative effects of exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet radiation and from technology such as tanning beds. “Sunscreen, which is essential to keeping your skin healthy, is just a filter and does not provide 100% protection from radiation. This is why people must supplement this filter with hats, protective clothing and sunglasses,” states dermatologist Mónica Escobar.

Similarly, other less-known skin diseases such as vitiligo and psoriasis, should also receive special treatment. They have a deep impact on the quality of people’s lives and self-esteem, as their side effects may be visible and affect a person’s overall health.

Basic skincare

  • The basic and most important steps to taking care of the skin daily are to clean, hydrate and protect it. To do this, it is important to know what type of skin you have (dry, greasy or mixed), identify any allergies, and determine whether the skin is young or mature in order to know what products are appropriate.
  • 15 minutes before you go outside is the proper amount of time to apply sunscreen. Reapply after you go swimming or apply every 4 hours if you are outside.

Skin cancer

  • While there are different types of this disease, the most common forms of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma (which occurs in the basal cells of the epidermis) and squamous cell carcinoma (which originates in the squamous cells of the same layer of skin). These conditions are caused by sun exposure, which is why they are commonly found on the neck, face or shoulders.
  • 90% of non-melanoma skin cancers are related to exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet radiation, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation.

 Other diseases

  •  Other skin pathologies that also require treatment include: dermatitis, which produces skin irritation or inflammation; psoriasis, which is characterized by the appearance of red scaly lesions that affect the quality of life of those who suffer from it; and vitiligo, which causes depigmented skin spots and requires treatment.
  • 50 is the sun protection factor (SPF) that is recommended for choosing a sunscreen, whether in a gel, spray or lotion.