High cholesterol levels can lead to the onset of cardiac disease. Preventative measures can help improve and regulate them.
According to the Spanish Heart Foundation, cholesterol is a very important substance for the body, as it plays a role in forming bile acids, which are vital for digesting fats.
Blood moves cholesterol from the intestines or the liver to the body’s other organs, which need it in order to function properly.
Cardiovascular risk occurs when cholesterol levels are very high, and when combined with high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes, it is one of the most significant factors of cardiovascular risk.
How do I know if I have high cholesterol?
- Total cholesterol levels should be under 200 mg/dl. When a person’s levels are higher than this number, this condition is referred to as hypercholesterolemia and is a condition that doubles the risk of having a heart attack.
- HDL or “good” cholesterol that is higher than 35 mg/dl in men and 40 mg/dl in women, fights the dangers of high total cholesterol levels.
- LDL or “bad” cholesterol should be no higher than 100 mg. Figures above 160 mg/dl are dangerous.
- Triglycerides. This fat should be below 150 mg/dl. If these levels are higher than 500 mg/dl, this is referred to as hypertriglyceridemia.
(Related article: Balanced cholesterol).