This condition is an infection of the bladder or lower urinary tract and affects both men and women.
According to the Cuídate Plus website, the microorganisms that cause cystitis enter through the opening at the tip of the penis in men, or through the urethra in women. Although the infection occurs in the bladder, it can sometimes affect the kidneys.
The most common symptoms are cloudy urine or urine that has signs of blood in it, a change of smell in the urine, fever, pain or burning with urination, pressure in the lower part of the abdomen and the constant need to empty your bladder, even seconds after going to the -bathroom. According to the U.S.-based website, MedlinePlus, most cases of cystitis are caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria that is located in the intestine.
In order to determine whether you have cystitis, you must take some tests such as a urine analysis and a urine culture to identify the bacteria and decide what antibiotic is appropriate. Also, in order to recover, it is important to drink plenty of water throughout the day.
Related article: On the female bladder