Low back pain is one of several different back conditions. When it becomes chronic, however, it can be a sign of a more serious condition.
Some of the most common triggers of pain in the lumbar region of the back (the lower part of the spine) are abrupt movements, poor posture when lifting an object, overexertion or stress. Normally this pain lasts for a few days and can be managed with hot and cold therapy, over-the-counter painkillers or with rest.
When lower back pain persists, this can be chronic and may be indicative of other clinical conditions as listed by the U.S. National Library of Medicine:
- Wear and tear of the spine due to heavy use from work or sports, injuries, fractures, or surgery
- A herniated disk, in which the nearby nerves become compressed leaving your spine with less cushion
- Arthritis and related diseases which may cause pain and stiffness in this area.
Other possible causes include:
- Curvatures of the spine such as scoliosis or kyphosis
- Health problems such as fibromyalgia or rheumatoid arthritis
- Piriformis syndrome, a pain disorder involving a muscle in the buttocks called the piriformis muscle