It is important that whoever witnesses a seizure act in a timely way to safeguard the integrity of the patient.
Reactions to medication, lesions in the head, extremely high fever and diseases such as epilepsy are the cause of seizures. Some advice to treat the event:
- Loosen the clothing around the neck.
- Move the person in case he is at a potentially dangerous place or situation. Place the person on his side, on the floor, to allow the flow of breath
- Count the duration of the crisis and detail the signals to report to the doctor
- Avoid introducing objects into the mouth: do not give the person food, beverages or medication or provide respiratory aid
- Do not restrain the person’s movements, seizures have a cycle that ends by itself.
- Once the seizure ends, help orient and calm the person.
In general, a seizure lasts between 30 seconds to 2 minutes. If it exceeds 5 minutes or the person presents with repeated crises and does not awake from them, they must receive immediate medical attention.
The Ministry of Health and Social Protection of Colombia warns that possible symptoms of a crisis include falling to the ground, rigidity, disorder in movements and the senses, loss of consciousness and loss of sphincter control.
Take into account
The National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Cerebrovascular Accidents, in the United States defines seizures as indicators of a cerebral problems that occur due to abnormal electrical activity inside the brain. They are then classified as focal when they occur in only parts of the brain: they are branded as generalized when they occur in both hemispheres.
See also: When brain activity is abnormal