Changes in weather, the arrival of the rainy season and lower temperatures as well as pollution, can all increase the risk of contracting a cold, respiratory infection or other complications such as pneumonia or bronchitis.
The populations that are most easily affected by these conditions are children under age five and the elderly. According to publications from the National Health Institute, reports of weather-related respiratory diseases have increased over recent years in Colombia. When more extreme weather occurs, it is important for these populations to take preventative measures such as:
Limiting the contact children have with people that may have one of these respiratory diseases. It is also important to not take children to daycare or to school if they are experiencing symptoms such as a fever or respiratory problems.
Keeping a balanced diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables and that provides the body with a proper defense mechanism.
Avoid letting children, teens and the elderly spend long periods of time outside, especially when it is very cold or when pollution levels are high.
Avoid places or objects that can accumulate dust and that cause you to breathe it often, and try to not use blankets that shed lint.