Current living 12 October, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
While this stage of life usually begins at about age 50, symptoms can begin to show between two and five years before.
Menopause is a physiological phenomenon that occurs in every woman’s life and often presents in the form of different types of discomfort and symptoms such as irregular periods, for example. The following are some symptoms that can be signs of menopause:
According to the Colombian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology, during the first months of perimenopause (between 6 and 12 months), menstrual cycles are still regular, but instead of being an average of 28 days, they are about 20 days. This occurs because the ovaries no longer perform their normal functions as a result of a decrease in estrogen and progesterone. (Related article: 3 minutes and common questions about menopause).
It is also very common for women who are nearing menopause, or have already gone through it, to gain weight. This is due to hormonal changes the body undergoes during this stage that cause lipids to Accumulate. Anxiety and mood swings also become frequent.
Other vasomotor symptoms can also increase such as headaches, especially tension headaches which tend to be more common among women who previously experience them in their lifetime. Nausea and vertigo are also common symptoms.
Keep in mind: During this phase, the body experiences significant bone loss and the risk of suffering from osteoporosis increases. According to the Colombian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the only way to diagnose osteoporosis is through a bone densitometry test.