The individuals suffering from amnesia, also known under the name of amnesic syndrome, usually know who they are.
The Mayo Clinic explains that, although the fact of forgetting the identity is a frequent argument resource in films and television, it usually doesn’t occur in real life amnesia. However, those who suffer from this disease can indeed have difficulties for incorporating new information and for generating new memories.
This pathology can be the consequence of a damage in brain regions that are essential for processing memories. No specific treatment exists for this disease, but techniques for reinforcing memory and psychological assistance can help the patients and their families to confront it.
The amnesia can provoke damages in cerebral structures that constitute the limbic system, which controls the emotions and the memories. These structures include the thalami, which is located in the center of the brain, and the formations of the hippocamp, which are located inside the brain temporary lobules. A loss of memory caused by brain injury or damage is known as a neurological amnesia. Among the possible causes are a cerebral-vascular accident, alcohol abuse at long term, brain tumors, degenerative diseases, convulsions and determined medicines.
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