A Highly Sensitive Person (HSP) perceives more sensory information and develops a greater sense of empathy.
This is not a disorder or defect. It is a personality trait that psychologist Elaine Aron studied in the 90s and describes people who perceive and process a greater amount of sensory information.
According to studies from the Spanish Association of Psychologists and Health Professionals for the Highly Sensitive, the processing activity through the five senses is greater in an estimated 15% to 20% of the human population.
These people can be identified by the following characteristics:
- They take in a greater amount of sensory information. They have a greater ability to process smells, flavors and textures. They can also perceive small details in their vision that other people do not.
- They are deep thinkers. They deeply analyze their thoughts. They process and make decisions very carefully.
- They have developed a strong sense of empathy. Because they have greater activity in the areas of the brain where the mirror neurons are located, it is easier for them to be empathetic and sensitive to the realities of others.
- Strong emotions. They intensely experience all types of feelings such as happiness, pain, anger, or deception. They can be overwhelmed from stress by receiving too much information on a daily basis.