Visiting the ophthalmologist is key for him/her to detect which is the best treatment to be followed in each case.
The myopia is not a disease, it is a refraction or visual focusing error that makes the close objects to be seen clearly and those located away to be seen blurred.
The Ocular Microsurgery Institute explains that this error occurs because the images are focused in front of the retina and not on the retina, which is due to the fact that the ocular globe is very enlarged, the cornea is more curved than normal or the crystalline lens has an abnormal shape.
In addition to clearly seen the close objects and blurred the distant ones, some other symptoms, according to the Ocular Microsurgery Institute are: to half-close the eyes in order to see far, getting close to the objects for seeing them, visual fatigue or headaches.
The myopia generally appears during childhood and evolves around the twenties, a time when it trends to stabilize. It can’t be prevented, but frequent reviews during childhood help detecting it at its onset and proceeding in time for the patient to have a good life quality.
How to treat myopia?
There are several ways to correct myopia: wearing eye glasses, contact lenses or being subjected to a refractive surgery (corneal surgery using laser – several techniques exist – or the implant of intraocular lens); these surgeries can decrease or eliminate the need of wearing eye glasses or contact lenses. The Bavaria Clinic and the Eye National Institute coincide stating that any patient shall visit the ophthalmologist for him/her to make an evaluation and on such basis to determine which treatment is the most suitable one.