Vaccines are the best way to prevent measles, chickenpox and rubella, all of which can lead to serious complications when they affect children under age five.
The pharmaceutical company MSD shares how to recognize and prevent these three diseases:
The incubation period of this infectious disease is about 14 days. During this period, visible signs are not present. Afterwards, symptoms can appear such as fever, general ill-feeling, lack of appetite, a congested respiratory system, pink eye, a cough, and spots inside the mouth. These symptoms are generally followed by an outbreak that begins on the face and spreads throughout the body, lasting approximately four to seven days. Complications from this disease can cause pneumonia or even encephalitis.
Prevention: The measles vaccine should be administered after children turn one and at age five.
After its incubation period, this virus causes fever and skin lesions in the form of blisters that appear all over the body. It can also lead to local infections and even pneumonia, changes in blood count and in serious cases, encephalitis.
Prevention: The chickenpox vaccine should be administered once children turn one and among women who are of a childbearing age. If this disease affects pregnant women, it can be very serious.
Its main symptoms include, fever, general ill-feeling, respiratory problems, pink eye, adenopathy (swollen lymph nodes) and a skin rash. Of the diseases mentioned, rubella is the least harmful. As the pharmaceutical company MSD stresses in one of its articles, “If this infection occurs during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, congenital rubella syndrome can occur, which can seriously harm the fetus. This can lead to severe mental retardation, congenital blindness, deafness, heart malformations, delayed intrauterine growth and even the death of the fetus.”
Prevention: The vaccine can be administered when children turn one and five. When they are of childbearing age, women can also receive the vaccine.
Remember to keep your child at home if he or she is sick to prevent the disease from spreading.