Special 9 May, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
Find out what some of the most common symptoms of this disease are to ensure timely treatment.
According to the National Resource Center on Lupus, lupus is a lifelong disease. Scientists are unsure what causes lupus. What is known is that in some cases genetic alterations are behind it. If it is diagnosed in time, effective treatments can reduce symptoms.
The manifestations of this disease vary. People can experience symptoms ranging from weight loss to rashes. As explained by the National Resource Center on Lupus, this is why a process of elimination rather than a diagnosis is used to determine the presence of lupus. It is important to keep an eye out for the following signs:
Butterfly-shaped rash on the face
This is one of the most common signs of lupus. However, other photosensitive rashes can appear, as well as reddening on many different parts of the body or even hair loss and scalp sores.
This occurs in approximately 70% of cases and is one of the early indicators of lupus. It can be confused with rheumatoid arthritis: “although the wrists and hands are affected in a similar way, the disease is not identical.” Swelling is not significant and the hips, back and neck are less affected.
Shortness of breath and chest pain
Lupus sometimes attacks the lining of the lungs, causing fluid to leak and surround the lungs, the specialist explains.
This is one of the main complications of lupus. It is a serious manifestation of the disease in which antibodies attack the kidneys, possibly resulting in the need for dialysis or a transplant.