Rosacea is a skin condition that has no cure. While its causes are unknown, treatments such as medications, and sometimes surgery, can help control it.
According to the webpage MedlinePlus, rosacea is a chronic skin problem that makes the face turn red. It can cause swelling and skin sores that look like acne.
According to the Integral Dermatology Institute (IDEI), in Spain there are four types of rosacea:
- Bumps (papules) and pimples (pustules) (Inflammatory rosacea). Red patches also appear and can last for approximately 3 to 6 months.
- Thickening of the skin (Phymatous rosacea). Excessive tissue from swelling can cause the nose to increase in size as well as irregular surface nodules (lesions similar to bumps).
- Watery and red eyes (Ocular rosacea). This type of rosacea causes watery eyes and a constant burning sensation in this area, as well as swollen eyelids and recurrent styes.
- Facial redness (Neurovascular rosacea). This is the most common type of rosacea and appears in the form of small red patches on the face, especially along the cheekbones and nose area.
The most common cause of this condition is sun exposure. The recommendation is to use sunscreen. Also, high temperatures can increase blood flow and as a result, flushing can increase. Try to avoid saunas, hot baths, maintain your distance from sources of heat and from extreme climates.
Certain foods can cause flare-ups such as spicy or hot foods, dairy products such as yogurt and chocolate, and the juices of certain citrus fruits.
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