Some of the problems that hypertrophic adenoids can cause include dry mouth, cracked lips and secretions in the nose.
But what are the adenoids? According to the webpage MedlinePlus, they are a patch of tissue located in the upper part of the throat behind the nose, next to the tonsils. They are therefore part of the lymphatic system, which is in charge of eliminating infections and keeping bodily fluids in balance. The adenoids and tonsils trap germs that enter through the mouth and nose. See also Make your home a child-safe space
A common problem among children that generally occurs when they are fighting an infection are when the adenoids become swollen or “hypertrophic,” as they are called. Adenoids generally begin to shrink after the age of five. By the time they are teenagers, they are almost completely gone, at which point the body uses other defense mechanisms.
Treatment may include a nasal spray to reduce their size, or antibiotics if the physician determines there is a bacterial infection.
One or several x-rays may be needed to have a clearer picture of the adenoids.