Psoriasis is a condition that affects 2% of the world’s population, and still very little is known about it. Understanding it is a fundamental part of not isolating those who suffer from it.
What is it?
Psoriasis is an inflammatory dermatological condition, is chronic (lasts a lifetime), is not contagious and originates in the immune system.
What does it look like?
Psoriasis comes in many forms, the most common of which are pink plaques of scaly white skin (similar to hives or welts) that appear on the scalp, back, limbs, buttocks or genitals. They are not permanent, as there are periods when the condition improves and worsens.
Who does it affect?
It occurs equally in men and women. The condition can occur for the first time at any age, although it frequently appears between ages 20 and 30, or between ages 50 and 60.
(Related article: Stress can aggravate skin conditions)
What is the cause?
Psoriasis has no identified cause. Dermatologists estimate that the onset of the condition is connected to genetic factors, more than external situations. With those who live with the condition, however, when an episode is acute, some environmental factors do influence it such as infections, certain medications and stress, to name a few.
Is there a cure?
While there is no universal remedy, there are several treatments that alleviate the discomfort of the lesions. Generally, topical medications are used that are applied topically. Oral medications or phototherapy with ultraviolet light or sun exposure can also be used.
How is it diagnosed?
This condition is difficult to diagnose, which is why it should always be done by a dermatologist. The treatment should be administered and monitored by a physician. Self-treatment is never recommended.