The Colombian Association of Neumology and Thoracic Surgery educates people about asthma and the importance of an early diagnosis. The following is some of the basic information you should know about this condition.
- The main symptoms of asthma include wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and cough, all of which are associated with difficulty exhaling, as the condition causes the respiratory tract to become inflamed and narrow.
- Throughout the world and in Colombia, asthma is both a public health problem and priority. In Colombia, 51% of all doctor’s visits related to chronic respiratory diseases of the lower respiratory tracts are attributed to this condition.
- Underdiagnoses of this condition varies depending on the age group that is analyzed. For example, with people over age 40, underdiagnoses are estimated to be at 70%; and with people who are age 64, this percentage is estimated to be at 79%.
- Some of the main allergens can be found both inside and outside the home or in the air. They mostly consist of pet dander, pollen, mold, cigarette smoke, chemical irritants in the workplace and air pollution.
- The World Health Organization (WHO) states that air pollution in indoor and outdoor spaces and exposure to secondhand smoke can increase the risk of chronic respiratory diseases in infants and preschoolers.
An estimated 12% of the Colombian population may suffer from asthma symptoms.
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