Anemia and its effect on your health Anemia and its effect on your health

Anemia and its effect on your health

Current living 14 July, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.

While its causes vary, in order to prevent organ and tissue damage, finding a timely solution is what counts.

According to the World Health Organization anemia is a condition in which the blood’s hemoglobin levels and red blood cell count is low for what is considered to be normal for each person; depending on a person’s age, gender and other factors such as their physical condition and state of health, these levels can vary.

Common symptoms

  • Excessive fatigue, possibly throughout the day, even if you have slept well.
  • Pale skin and mucous membranes, especially in the conjunctiva of the eye (the white area), in the gums and under the nails.
  • Cold hands and feet, even when it is hot.
  • Heart palpitations and chest pain.
  • Dizziness and difficulty breathing normally. Breathing tends to accelerate.
  • Low blood pressure, general weakness and headaches.

How does it affect the body?

Fatigue caused by anemia can be debilitating and it can make performing normal daily activities difficult. It is important to get treatment for anemia; without treatment, your tissues and organs can be damaged as a result of the lack of oxygen. According to a recent study from the Municipal Institute for Medical Research in Barcelona, Spain, 61% of patients with angina or acute myocardial infarction are iron deficient.

Keep in mind that to treat this disease, in order to get the most adequate treatment, you first have to determine the cause. Seeing a specialist is therefore essential. If a patient has gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, for example, surgery may be necessary. If bone marrow problems are the cause of the anemia, a blood stem cell transplant or a bone marrow transplant may be necessary.

Related article: Iron-deficiency anemia