Antibiotic resistance Antibiotic resistance

The practice of using antibiotics to self-medicate, which are not designed to treat specific illnesses, can lead to serious health problems. Find out why.


Antibiotics are medications that restore the balance of microorganisms in the body in order for it to be healthy and protected from infections. Consulting with your physician will help you know what type of antibiotic you need, and how often and for how long you should take it. Taking them too often can be harmful to different organs in the body such as the liver, the organ that is most affected by this.

95% of the body’s bacteria are found in the digestive tract.



 The human body is a compendium of microorganisms that are responsible for carrying out processes that help our bodies develop. Some of these bacteria are good and some are not. The skin and intestine are colonized by bacteria; however, bacteria should not be found in organs such as the heart or in places such as cerebrospinal fluid, bone marrow, or the lower respiratory tract.

100 billion bacteria are the approximate number of bacteria that live in different parts of the body.



 What happens?

When the microorganisms that become active during an infection come into contact with antibiotics, as a result of this, some develop survival strategies. This makes the condition completely untreatable, causing serious health problems. For example, if a person develops bronchitis and the antibiotic does not work, without adequate medical attention, this could develop into pneumonia.

Medical Advisor María Agudelo Pérez, Specialist in Pharmacology and Infectious Diseases.