Hypothyroidism is a thyroid disease that occurs when the thyroid gland begins to release to few hormones.
The disorder can occur basically for three reasons. The first and most common reason in adults is when the immune system attacks itself; the second is cretinism, a disorder that occurs in children at the stage of growth affecting said process, as well as the child’s mental development; and the third is the lack of iodine, which affects hormone production and causes the goiter to grow, although the latter is no longer very common thanks to advances in the iodization of salt. Other causes, according to the American Thyroid Association, are the surgical removal of the gland and radioactive treatment.
The decrease in the production of the T3 and T4 hormones released by the endocrine gland of the thyroid, causes a disorder in the body because these hormones are vital in the development and growth of the human body, as well as in the processes of oxygenation and heat generation to maintain body temperature, reaching nearly every cell in the body to provide the energy required to work.
Therefore, when they no longer function properly or are reduced, such as in the case of hypothyroidism, the metabolism slows down, the person begins to feel more tired than normal, becomes more sensitive to cold, begins to gain weight, and his/her skin becomes dry and may even begin to lose hair.
Watch for these signs, which are the main symptoms of this disease. If you detect any of them, check with a specialist for a specific diagnosis through a blood test for proper treatment.
Hypothyroidism affects about 4% of the world population, in which it is more common in women and people over the age of 50.