A joint is an area where two bones come across. When it inflames or degenerate, arthritis occurs.
According to the MedlinePlus portal more than 100 different types of this disease exist, which involved the degradation of the cartilage, which duty is to protect the joint and allow it to smoothly move. A self-immune disease (by mistake, the body’s immunity system attacks a healthy tissue), a bone fracture, general wear and tear of joints, an infection (frequently due to bacteria or virus), are some of the pathologies that result in joint alteration.
In most of the cases, the discomfort disappears after its cause is treated. However, if it persists and some requirements assessed by the doctor are met, it is called prolonged arthritis, meaning chronic arthritis.
The most known or common types of this pathology are:
- Osteoarthritis: the most common one. It is related to aging or an injury.
- Self-immune: It occurs when the immunity system attacks its own tissues by mistake. The rheumatoid arthritis is the most known.
- Juvenile: It affects children.
- Infectious: It occurs when an infection disseminates from a part of the body to the joints.
- Psoriatic: It affects patients who suffer from this disease (psoriasis), frequently on their skin and which accelerates the life cycle of skin cells.
- Gout: It is very much painful and occurs when the uric acid excessively accumulates on the body. It frequently starts on the big toe.
With the pass of time, an inflamed joint can seriously damage. Some types of arthritis also result in other organs’ problems, such as eyes and skin.