Color blindness is an eye disorder that prevents people from seeing colors clearly, causing them to see colors in a different way than others.
People who are color blind cannot distinguish between red and green, and sometimes blue. This is more common in men than in women. While there is no treatment to cure this condition, most people adapt, and live normal lives.
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the retina has two types of cells that detect light: rods and cones. Rods only detect light and dark. Cones detect color and are concentrated near the center of your vision. “Color blindness can happen when one or more of the color cone cells are absent, not working, or detect a different color than normal,” the academy states.
There are different degrees of this condition. People with mild deficiencies see colors normally when there is good light, but they have difficulties when the light is dim. Some people do not distinguish certain colors in any type of light. Its most serious form is when everything is seen in shades of gray. This tends to affect both eyes and does not change throughout a person’s life.
If someone notices a change in how you perceive colors, see your ophthalmologist immediately.
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