This condition is characterized by the difficulty of learning language in children. Detecting it early is important for the child’s development.
Last Sunday, November 8th, was World Dyslexia Day, a learning disorder that usually occurs in children from 0 to 5 years old and that causes difficulties in the precise and fluid recognition of words, spelling problems, and the relationship of sounds with letters and words.
Early diagnosis of this condition can help to intervene appropriately to promote good academic and personal development of children. It is estimated that between 30 and 50 percent of cases have a genetic or hereditary component.
Beatriz Gavilán, neuropsychologist and collaborating professor of Health Sciences at the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), in an interview with EFE Salud, highlighted the self-esteem problems that this disorder can trigger in children, who see their peers learning easier and faster than they are. Therefore, the recommendation is to “avoid, at all costs, thinking that the child doesn’t do things because he doesn’t want to. We must not add more problems to the core problem because, in the end, that impacts the child emotionally.”
Today, technological aids such as spell checkers, text readers, and automatic dictation tools provide great support for tackling the condition’s problems. However, where most work is lacking is in making people (parents, family members, and teachers) aware of dyslexia.
“Children with dyslexia do not have a lower than average IQ,” says Gavilán. Only areas of the brain that process language are affected. But with the proper intervention and in time, they will be able to continue their studies.
Continue reading: How to deal with dyslexia