Special 6 October, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
A stroke occurs when the blood vessels that send blood to the brain are compromised. Learning its warning signs and how they present themselves can prevent strokes from happening.
According to the Spanish Neurology Society, stroke – also called a cerebral infarction, embolism, apoplexy or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) – occurs when the blood vessels that provide blood to the brain are compromised. This condition is similar to a heart attack, except it happens in the area of the brain. (Related article: Do we ever stop learning? Neuroplasticity)
There are two types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Ischemic stroke is the most frequent and occurs when a blood vessel becomes blocked due to a clot, interrupting the normal flow of blood. The element that produces the obstruction, called a thrombus, may have originated in another part of the body and reached the bloodstream, blocking the circulation to the brain and causing this type of embolism.
The second type of stroke is known as a hemorrhagic stroke and occurs when one of the blood vessels of the brain bursts and the blood spreads throughout the brain, affecting the overall function of this organ.
Keep in mind. While some people have risk factors that cannot be changed, such as family history and aging, the best method to treating stroke is prevention. It is important to eat a healthy and balanced diet (one that is low in fats and salt), exercise regularly and avoid unhealthy habits such as smoking, abusing the use of alcohol or using psychoactive substances.