Current living 2 September, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
An estimated 95% of the adult population has had mononucleosis. To get this condition, mouth to mouth contact isn’t always the cause; drinking from the same glass can be enough to transmit it.
According to the website MedlinePlus, mononucleosis is an infection of the lymphatic system generally caused by a virus called Epstein-Barr (EBV). It can be passed through saliva, which is why it is more commonly known as “the kissing disease.”
Know the symptoms
Symptoms such as fever, a sore throat or swollen lymph nodes do not occur immediately after a person is infected. Normally, they appear progressively between one and eight weeks after contact (the older the patient, the longer it takes). The process tends to unfold as follows:
- At first, the person feels tired, sometimes exhausted, without any reason explanation. It is common to think you are coming down with something.
- Days later, fever and swollen lymph nodes occur, which are the main symptoms that make doctors consider mononucleosis as a possible diagnosis.
- Some people also have nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, general discomfort or headaches.
- In 50% of patients, their spleens may become enlarged (splenomegaly), and 20% of patients, their liver may also become enlarged.
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