A large majority of cases of diabetes in the world could be prevented.
Even though it can be prevented, the rate of type 2 diabetes (which interferes with the immune system) is increasing in many countries. This form of the disease is also even experiencing a sharp increase among children, when previously, it used to be a disease almost exclusive to adults.
It is important to emphasize that this trend can be reversed by taking simple steps to help significantly reduce the onset of this disease.
The main risk factors of type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes in the world, are being overweight, obesity and physical inactivity. In order to create awareness about this disease and make its prevention more visible, World Diabetes Day is held November 14 each year.
This year, its campaign slogan is “Eyes on diabetes,” emphasizing the following ways in which diabetes can be prevented as recommended by WHO:
- Seek professional medical attention if you experience symptoms such as thirst, weight loss, fatigue and blurry vision, as they are some of the warning signs of this disease.
- A diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables, is sugar-free and that is low in saturated fats can help prevent type 2 diabetes and can also help control type 1 diabetes.
- Engaging in physical activity on a regular basis helps to prevent this disease. It is recommended to exercise at a at least 30 minutes almost every day, at a moderate level of intensity.
World Diabetes Day was established by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1991.