Facial paralysis occurs when a person can no longer move some or all of the muscles on one side of their face.
According to the Colombian Association of Otology and Neurotology, facial paralysis is a relatively common pathology, as are its multiple causes. The Medline Plus website advises that damage or swelling of the facial nerve and/or brain (stroke) are its most common causes. Sudden changes in temperature, pressure, ear infection, tumors, and poisoning also fall into that list.
The result, in any case, is an aesthetic and functional deformity, accompanied by emotional, social and professional changes in the person who suffers from it, as their quality of life can be affected, given that they can experience dry eyes and some difficulties speaking. Other body muscles may be compromised, depending on the episode.
It is recommended that the person consult with a doctor if they experience weakness or numbness in the face, and that they do so immediately if they also experience severe headache, seizures or blindness along with said symptoms. The specialist will review the patient’s medical history to determine the diagnosis and choose the most appropriate course of treatment, possibly including rehabilitation therapy focused on regaining lost mobility.
Facial paralysis can occur at any age and in relatively healthy individuals. Sometimes, the person may notice an increase in their hearing in one ear, a decrease in their sense of taste and irregular blinking of the eyes.