The fatty liver disease is due to the accumulation of fat in this organ, usually caused by high alcohol consumption, increased caloric intake, obesity, cardiovascular risk, among other factors.
Diana Patricia Monroy Martínez, Nutritionist, attached to Coomeva Medicina Prepagada
Óscar Hernán Rojas Sarmiento, Internist
Symptoms to take care of
Having discomfort in the upper right side of the abdomen can be a symptom of this disease, which is usually silent. If there are doubts, the medical history, a physical examination and a blood test can help your diagnosis. Exercising regularly can help with weight loss and reducing fat in the liver. It is suggested, in addition, encourage from childhood healthy lifestyle habits that endure in adulthood.
State of the organ
There are two main types: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and alcohol. The first one is classified as simple, in which there is fat, but it does not cause inflammation or damage to the cells; and nonalcoholic hepatic steatosis, which can cause fibrosis, cirrhosis or liver cancer. The second, on the other hand, is due to the high consumption of alcohol, when the process of decomposition of this causes harmful substances, causing swelling and weakening the body’s natural defenses. The next stages in the process are alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis.
25% of the population in the world is affected by this disease, according to the National Medical Library of the United States.
General treatment from the nutritional point of view is based on the prevention of overweight and obesity through a balanced diet, which avoids high intake of calories, especially those from saturated fat and simple carbohydrates (sugars ) and complexes (flours). The recommendation is to consume dairy products in a skimmed form, and the non-ingestion of sugary, energizing and alcoholic beverages, which can affect liver function in the long term.
3 servings of flours a day is recommended to consume patients with this disease.