Fever is a response of the immune system to a viral infection or disease by means of which the body tries to heal itself.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, most cases of fever are usually associated with a virus and are accompanied by symptoms such as earache, sore throat, skin rash or stomach pain.
In these cases, fever does not usually have to be treated with any medication. Simple actions, such as keeping the child’s room cool, dressing him/her with light clothing and keeping him/her hydrated, may be sufficient. However, to decrease the child’s discomfort, administering antihistamines, such as acetaminophen helps to reduce symptoms and lower fever temporarily.
Using another type of stronger medicines, such as antibiotics, is usually not necessary. Using them in an accelerated manner can hide the symptoms associated with the fever and hinder and an accurate diagnosis. In addition, when they are used often, the child may become resistant to the drug.
Only if the fever lasts more than 3 days, or is accompanied by other symptoms such as vomiting, convulsions, diarrhea or if the child has other signs of dehydration, will it be necessary to seek medical help, because a fever may be a response to something more serious, such as a gastrointestinal problem, a respiratory infection, bacteria or other health issues.
For most pediatricians, a temperature higher than 38° C is a possible sign of a fever