Gastroenteritis is a stomach and intestine inflammation. Learn what to do if you suspect to suffer this disease.
A virus, food or water contaminated with bacteria or parasites, a reaction to new food, a drug side effect can produce characteristic symptoms such as nausea or vomit, diarrhea, colic, low fever. This pathology requires a special attention in young children and elders.
The Mayo Clinic provides some recommendations for treating this disease in its first stage:
- Suspending food during some hours for the stomach to calm.
- Drinking liquid gulps, such as sport beverages or water, in order to prevent dehydration. Drinking liquids too fast can worsen nausea and vomit.
- Keeping a record of the times you piss. Going to the bathroom should be at regular intervals, and urine should be clear and transparent. Infrequent urine production is a sign of dehydration, as well as dizziness and giddiness.
- Trying to frequently eat small quantities of food in case of nausea. Starting with soft and easy to digest servings, such as crackers, toasted bread, jelly, banana, rice or chicken. Avoiding dairy products, caffeine, alcohol, nicotine and seasoned and fat rich food.
- Rest, because this disease and dehydration have potential for producing weakness.
Seeking medical assistance if vomiting and diarrhea persist more than two days, if fever is higher than 38.8°C, if giddiness, disorientation or fainting when standing up and an insistent bellyache. These symptoms can last from one day to more than one week.
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