While it is impossible to identify a single way of preventing cancer, it is possible to reduce the likelihood of a diagnosis.
Each type of this disease has its own risk factors and diagnostic tests that are important to know about in order to prevent and manage a diagnosis.
According to the American Cancer Society, about 46% of all cancer-related deaths among men and women occur in patients with lung, colon, prostate and breast cancer; four of some of the most preventable forms of cancer.
The following are five of the most common recommendations for reducing the likelihood of receiving a cancer diagnosis; they include an explanation of the related types and variations of cancer:
- Lowering alcohol consumption reduces the risk of having mouth, throat, esophageal, intestinal, breast and liver cancer. Liver cancer is three times more common in men than in women, due to the related greater rate of infection from the hepatitis C virus, tobacco use and to the high levels of alcohol use.
- Not smoking is the best way to prevent lung cancer. Despite that there are other factors that cause this form of cancer, cigarettes are responsible for more than 80% of all cases.
- Avoiding weight gain through a balanced diet and doing regular exercise is key to reducing the chances of obtaining the following ten types of cancer: intestinal, breast, uterine, ovarian, pancreatic, esophageal, kidney, liver, prostate and gall bladder cancer.
- The vaccine for the human papilloma virus is the most effective way for completely preventing cervical cancer, which has been clearly identified as being related to infections from this virus.
- Early detection is the most effective secondary form of preventing at least four of the types of cancer that cause the most deaths in Colombia and in the world: breast, cervical, prostate and colon cancer. Getting regular exams and screenings in accordance with the recommended frequencies for each type of cancer allows for a timely diagnoses, which speeds up treatment and helps increase survival rates.