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This condition is the inability to control alcohol intake due to a physically or mentally-induced dependency.

Frequent alcohol consumption creates a dependency that can affect people’s state of health as well as the priorities in their life. According to María Victoria Vélez, a nutritionist that specializes in psychiatry and drug abuse, these problems can cause family and social dysfunction, causing the person to enter a state of depression. People in these situations can also demonstrate aggressive behavior, leading to domestic violence, gender violence, and unplanned sexual relations. They are also more likely to have work and traffic accidents.

As Vélez explains, drinking frequently until becoming intoxicated can deteriorate reasoning skills, decision-making skills and reduce self-control. “In this state, people’s sexual impulses are uninhibited, and they demonstrate aggressive behavior that spurs discussions, fights or sexual abuse, among other issues.” Preventing this disease is possible when the person is aware they have it. During the rehabilitation process, which may include the use of medications to detoxify the patient, having the support of family and loved ones is important.

Health repercussions

Prolonged alcohol use increases the chances of bleeding from the stomach or esophagus, inflammation and damage in the pancreas, alcoholic fatty liver disease, poor nutrition, esophagus cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer and cancer in other organs of the body.

200 different diseases and disorders are related to excess alcohol use, according to the WHO.

Cognitive effects

Some of the most common neuropsychiatric effects of this disease are behavioral disorders, such as aggressive behavior due to not adapting to one’s environment. Other effects include different degrees of amnesia, cognitive impairment, dementia, suicide risk, affective disorders, schizophrenia and changes in personality.

25 % of all deaths and disabilities are related to alcohol use in people between ages 20 and 39, according to the WHO.

Accepting treatment

  • Admitting that you have a problem and seeking professional help is the first step to healing.
  • During the treatment process, it is imperative that patients follow their treatment plans.
  • Lead a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Be sure that you are getting replenishing sleep.
  • Plan an activity to do each day, which can include going to a support group.

5 drinks or more at a time, per month or per week, may be a sign of at-risk alcoholic behavior that warrants treatment.

See also:

The effect of alcohol on the brain’s stem cells