Although it is the disease that claims the most lives in Colombia and in much of the world, cardiovascular alterations are largely preventable.
Therefore, the General Assembly of the United Nations designated September 25 as World Heart Day, a date specifically designed to invite the public to better understand the related risks and take on life habits to reduce them.
Heart attacks and thrombosis, among other strokes, as well as clogged arteries, are some of the diseases that are part of the group of cardiovascular disorders that cause the death of more than 17 million people in the world each year.
Keeping body weight controlled, having a balanced diet and exercising regularly are some of the measures that best help to prevent the appearance of this type of diseases, especially when there are risk factors such as the following:
- High blood pressure
- A high and constant level of stress.
- A poorly balanced diet: high in salt, carbohydrates and saturated fats.
- Cholesterol, triglycerides and sugar.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
In order to reduce the effect of these risk factors on coronary health, prevent the disease and detect any anomaly, the recommendation is that, starting at the age of 35, people should begin to test their cholesterol, triglycerides and sugar levels, once a year. After the age of 40, the norm is twice a year. It is also essential to control blood pressure, have a proper diet and carry out constant physical activity to help burn calories and maintain a healthy body weight.
Watch for any of the following symptoms: chest pain that radiates to the arm, neck, or back; severe pain in the upper part of the stomach; difficulty breathing and sweating. If you have any of these symptoms, get medical care as soon as possible. Note that since these are silent diseases, it is difficult to detect them in time if you do not have regular checkups. In addition, when you have a heart attack, there is usually not enough time to counteract it or many times, it results in sudden death. That is why prevention is still the best medicine.