Before 2 October, 2017 Isabel Vallejo
These two chronic non-communicable diseases are the main contributing factors to cardiac risk. The key is in self-care.
Medical Advisor Jhon Edward Murillo, Regional Coordinating Operator for Coomeva Emergency Medicine
In order to control high blood pressure and maintain low glucose levels in the blood, if you suffer from high blood pressure and diabetes, taking dietary, hygienic and physical measures can help. As part of its campaign, “Your Health and Loving Yourself,” (Cuidarte es Quererte), Coomeva Private Healthcare invites users and their families to include physical activity, a healthy diet and time for your mind to relax on a daily basis. The idea is to prevent, slow and alleviate the complications of these diseases in addition to others, thereby contributing to a better quality of life. See also: Focus on diabetes
It is important to keep in mind that some conditions that predispose people to developing these diseases include age, genetics, race and gender. Jhon Edward Murillo, Regional Coordinating Operator of Coomeva Emergency Medicine, provides a few recommendations that both people with high blood pressure and diabetes as well as anyone should put into practice. These recommendations are approved by the World Health Organization. See also: Know the warning signs of type 2 diabetes
Knowing your cholesterol count helps to prevent it from accumulating in the artery walls. This prevents the arteries from becoming clogged (thrombosis), which lowers the risk of heart attack or stroke.
30 minutes of exercise a day keeps the heart active, which should be cared for just like any other muscle.
Tips for your health
- Get your eyes checked. In order to avoid or treat vision problems, get checked by an ophthalmologist once a year.
- Don’t forget about your feet. Practicing healthy hygiene is important as a simple wound can lead to serious complications.
- Live a relaxed life. Stress can be a heavy burden on your heart, leading to high blood pressure, high blood glucose levels and to the risk of having a heart attack.
- Practice self-control. All people that are diabetic must learn to understand and manage their disease, correctly following the indications provided to them.
- Keep your blood pressure levels under control. Get regular checkups with your general practitioner.
- Avoid being overweight. Watch how much you weigh on a regular basis. Being overweight is often a risk factor for diabetes, which can also lead to high blood pressure.
- Maintain a healthy diet. People that are diabetic should maintain a balanced and healthy diet, a recommendation that applies to anyone. The difference is that diabetics must make it a part of their lifestyle.
- Spread your meals throughout the day. The recommendation is to eat six times a day. Do not go for long periods of time without eating, or eat large amounts of food in one sitting.
- Reduce your intake of trans fats. Reduce how much fast food and fried food you eat. Cook with vegetable oils such as olive oil, sunflower or soy oil, which help to control blood pressure and keep your levels of good cholesterol high.
- Reduce your salt intake. Too much salt in your diet can raise your blood pressure. The main source of sodium is table salt, but large amounts of it are also added to processed and packaged foods.
- Do not smoke. Tobacco use considerably increases the damage caused by high blood pressure and diabetes to your blood vessels, which significantly complicates and accelerates cardiovascular damage.
- Avoid drinking alcohol. Excessive drinking is related to higher rates of high blood pressure. Due to the calories it contains, alcohol is not recommended for diabetics and can lead to the onset of nocturnal hypoglycemia.
- Exercise. Exercising daily helps lower blood glucose levels, as the muscles use glucose as a source of energy. It is also beneficial for lowering your blood pressure, cholesterol and managing your weight.