Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world.
The optic nerve is responsible for sending the images that we see to the brain. When there is increased pressure in the eyes, however, this can cause it to deteriorate. The group of conditions that cause this type of deterioration is known as glaucoma.
Dr. Martha Araujo, member of Glaucoma Colombia, explains (on this organization’s webpage) that this condition reduces peripheral vision and if not treated on time, can cause irreversible blindness. (Related article: Attention and prevention: key aspects of eye care).
What to do if you are diagnosed with glaucoma
The first thing to account for is the degree of damage to the optic nerve; this will help specialists determine how rigorous treatment should be. According to Glaucoma Colombia, the only factor that can be modified to slow the disease from progressing is the intraocular pressure, which can be controlled with medication, laser treatment or surgery. (Related article: Eye Care with Diabetes, article in Spanish).