Prevention 16 March, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
When it comes to health, prevention is key. Find out how often you should get a checkup according to your age.
According to the World Health Organization, there are several routine health screenings that both men and women should undergo in order to either ensure they have good health or determine if they have conditions that, while there may not be any symptoms, should be checked for.
- For the WHO, the frequency of a person’s checkups depends on the age of the patient. With children or adolescents, these should be done more frequently (every 3 to 5 months) to make sure they are developing normally. The most important checkups at this age are with dentists and ophthalmologists, and to track their nutrition and development.
- Adults between ages 20 and 35 should get a medical exam (physical) annually. At this age it is very important to begin a medical history, which should include the health information from when they were children and teens. This exam should include their weight, height and blood pressure. With women who are already sexually active, it is important they visit their gynecologist regularly to take note of any changes in menstruation, breasts or genitals.
- Between ages 35 and 55, hormonal changes become more obvious, which is why it is important to pay attention to any symptoms in order to prevent the risk of having cancer. Seeing your doctor or specialist every six months is recommended, especially once you turn 50. At this age, it is recommended to get a blood count, a blood test, a general urine test and, with women, a mammogram, pap smear, pelvic ultrasound and hormonal profile test.
- After age 60, screenings should be done more frequently, ideally every four months. Some of the more important testing include urine tests, chest X-rays, electrocardiograms, and getting blood sugar levels checked, which should be done every six months.