The sudden changes in temperature that occur during certain seasons can affect people’s health when they are not adequately prepared to deal with them.
During a heat wave, many people continue with their lives normally without realizing how this rise in temperature slowly affects their body. They often only notice it once symptoms of dehydration occur.
Family doctor and chief of the Strategic Hospitalization Unit at the La Sabana University Clinic, Nadia Marcela Garzón explains that “During the middle of the day or towards the late afternoon, it is very common for people to experience tachycardia, the urge to vomit, headaches, nausea, confusion and they may even faint. These symptoms are related to water loss in the body as a result of dehydration.”
In order to survive these heat waves, the following are some measures to take as recommended by Dr. Garzón:
- Avoid drinks with high sugar contents. Instead of hydrating the body, they actually make the body lose minerals and salts, leading to further dehydration.
- Drink at least two liters of water a day, the equivalent of eight glasses.
- Apply sunscreen in the morning, afternoon and at night. The SPF should not be lower than 15.
- Eat pineapple and mandarins. These centric fruits contribute a large amount of water to the body.
- If you experience any of the symptoms of dehydration, go to your nearest urgent care facility, especially if your body temperature is higher than 100°F.
- For parents with babies under six months old, continue feeding them with breast milk in order to make sure they are hydrated.
- Protect your eyes from the intensity of the sun with sunglasses.