With the arrival of the holiday season, cases of various types of burns increase. Find out what to do.
A burn is defined as an injury that occurs from prolonged contact with a high temperature that affects tissue, especially skin. Historically in December, as it is a month of festivities, burns tend to increase mostly from boiling liquids (either from contact with water, oil, or splashes), or fireworks. Fireworks not only affect the skin, but can also damage more internal structures and even cause injuries that require amputations.
According to Leidy Zapata Ruiz, clinical nurse for injuries at the CES Clinic, fireworks have three potentially harmful characteristics: they are flammable, cause an explosion, and are toxic. Therefore, injuries from improper handling are usually very destructive and require special medical care.
Therefore, if an unfortunate situation occurs, due to fireworks or another type of burn, the clinic gives the following recommendations:
- The person must first be removed from the heat source so that the damage does not continue.
- Run water over the injured area. This will help cool the burn and decrease some of the pain and swelling.
- It is important to remove jewelry around the burn area, because when there is swelling in that part of the body, items such as rings or bracelets can become tourniquets and restrict blood circulation.
- Immediately cover the burned surface with a clean towel moistened with water or petroleum jelly.
- In the case of very deep or extensive injuries, you should immediately go to a hospital. Children or elderly adults, regardless of the burned area and its severity, should go to the emergency room.
You can also read: Treating minor burns