Exercise can cause cramping. Learn how to control and prevent this.
Cramps occur as the result of involuntary muscle contractions, magnesium or potassium deficiencies, vigorous physical activity or dehydration, among other causes. While they can happen to any type of muscle, these types of spasms tend to affect the front part of the thigh (quadriceps), the back part of the thigh (hamstrings) or the calves.
According to the webpage MedlinePlus, cramps are generally harmless and go away after a few minutes. However, it is important to consult with a specialist if they become more severe, occur frequently, last for a long time or occur along with swelling, redness or muscle weakness.
Keys to manage and prevent them
- Work out. Regulate the intensity and amount of time you do physical exercise. This allows your body to adapt to the increase in activity.
- Stay hydrated. The color of your urine is a helpful indicator to determining how hydrated you are. Generally, dark urine is a sign that you are dehydrated.
- Maintain high levels of electrolytes. The key to maintaining a good level of electrolytes is to lead a balanced diet. One recommendation is to add a moderate amount salt to food; keep in mind that if you have high blood pressure or heart or kidney problems, salt can aggravate these conditions.
- Use the right sportswear. Using the right clothing and tennis shoes to do exercise will help you feel more comfortable and have good posture, helping to prevent cramping.
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