Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism: thyroid disorders Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism: thyroid disorders

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism: thyroid disorders

Before 16 March, 2017 Isabel Vallejo


People that suffer from hyperthyroidism tend to lose weight and tend to sweat excessively. Those with hypothyroidism may either gain or lose weight and tend to feel cold.

To start, we must understand that the thyroid (the butterfly-shaped gland located above the trachea) has the function of regulating the body’s metabolism and helps to produce hormones, specifically thyroxine and triiodothyronine. These hormones help the body to use energy, they maintain the body’s temperature and they allow the brain, the heart, the muscles and other organs to function normally. When this organ does not function properly, the following can occur:

. Hyperthyroidism: Occurs when there is an excess amount of thyroid hormones in the body. Symptoms generally include an increase in metabolism which can lead to weight loss, rapid heartbeats, nervousness or anxiety, increased sweating, fatigue, muscle weakness or an increase in appetite.

. Hypothyroidism: Three percent of the population suffer from this, especially women over age 50 or postpartum women. With this condition, thyroid hormones levels decrease in the blood plasma. Some of the symptoms that can occur include fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, paleness, sadness, weakness, weight gain, a swollen face and a hoarse voice.

Treatment for both conditions depends on the patient’s age and the severity of the condition, which is why it is very important to see your physician if you have questions about a possible diagnosis.