Recognizing, assessing and coming to terms with the need for fertility treatment can be stressful for many couples, as it is a defining moment for deciding whether to begin treatment or not.
A study of 8,500 couples conducted by the WHO found that 37% of all infertility cases are due to female infertility factors, 8% are due to male infertility factors, and 35% are due to combined infertility problems. Five percent of the study’s participants were cases of unexplained infertility and 15% became pregnant during the study. The figures from the study reveal that infertility is not just related to conditions specific to the woman.
The most common causes of infertility are due to unknown reasons, male infertility factors, ovulatory dysfunction, damage to the fallopian tubes, endometriosis or coital failure. Whenever the cause may be, most couples experience depression, anger, anxiety or marital problems when they cannot become pregnant. This can be treated with medical and psychological support.
“Infertility is a unique medical condition because it involves a couple, not just an individual. Different studies show that the majority of couples (80 to 90%) that appear to be normal can conceive within the first year of trying. Fertility, however, reduces over time and as women age,” explains Juliana Tamayo, gynecologist and obstetrician.
The simplest recommendations to improving the chances of becoming pregnant include not smoking, reducing caffeine and alcohol consumption and having more frequent sexual intercourse during the ovulation period.