Endometriosis is a non-life threatening condition that affects women of childbearing age.
According to the University of Navarra Clinic, if the endometrium is found outside the uterus or develops incorrectly, it can position itself anywhere in the abdomen and therefore trigger the production of endometriomas (cysts in the ovaries), among other issues. Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease that can also affect other organs.
Medical specialist María Aubá Guedea, of the Gynecology and Obstetrics Department at the University of Navarra, provides some symptoms that may warn of this condition:
- Dyspareunia (painful sexual intercourse): Vaginal penetration can put pressure on a region affected by endometriosis: the ovaries, the vaginal vault and uterosacral ligaments.
- Abnormal uterine bleeding: Many women with endometriosis do not experience changes in their menstruation nor skip periods. The endometrial cycle may be affected, however, causing minor bleeding between periods.
- Reproductive issues: Problems with being sterile of infertile are reasons many visit their doctors, allowing for a diagnosis.
The causes of endometriosis are still being researched; however, it is most commonly attributed to heredity.