Little giants 9 March, 2018 Maria Clara Restrepo E.
Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer that begins in the retina.
According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, retinoblastoma can occur in one or both eyes. While it generally affects children, it can also sometimes affect adults.
Genetic factors are one of its main causes, making the nerve cells grow and multiply to form a tumor. These cells spread throughout the eye and in the structures surrounding it, but can also expand to other parts of the body (metastasis), including the brain and spine.
Hereditary retinoblastoma tends to develop at an early age among children.
With this condition, it is common to see a white color in the pupils. Other warning signs can include eyes that appear to be looking in different directions, or redness or swelling of the eyes.
To detect the disease, diagnostic tests are used to first explore the retina along with more general techniques to detect any abnormalities in the patient’s body that may be related to retinoblastoma.