Type 2 diabetes is a chronic and silent disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or does not manage insulin levels properly.
This is the most common type of this disease, as 90% of people that develop it have type 2 diabetes. The National Health Association (ONS, Observatorio Nacional de Salud) indicates that 298,678 new cases are diagnosed in Colombia each year. The majority of diagnoses occur among people older than 35, the most vulnerable population.
The most common causes of this condition are poor nutrition, being overweight and physical inactivity. Other symptoms that can warn somebody they may be suffering from diabetes include bladder infections, kidney infections, skin infections, fatigue, hunger, increased thirst and blurry vision.
Keys to preventing the onset of this disease include regular exercise, a healthy diet, watching your intake of fats, salt and sugar, and being aware of risk factors, especially if you have a family history.
Treating this condition consists of lowering your blood sugar by eliminating it through your urine. Once the body’s glucose levels are under control, the risk and progression of complications also lowers.
According to estimates from the ONS, by the year 2052, 12% of the population will suffer from diabetes mellitus type 2. In its advanced stages, this leads to organ failure with organs such as the heart, increasing the risk of having a heart attack.