The easiest time to treat amblyopia, the medical term for what is more commonly known as “lazy eye,” is during childhood. This condition is a type of visual impairment in which the vision of one or both eyes is weakened due to an issue with the eye.
This defect, caused by a disconnection between the brain and the other organs of the eye, generally appears in the first few years of life. Different eye exams allow for this condition to be detected at an early age, which can be corrected by using glasses or an eye patch. Surgery may also be an option.
According to the National Eye Institute in the United States, this is the most common cause of visual impairments during childhood. This condition affects approximately two or three of every 100 children. If it is not treated on time, amblyopia usually carries onto adulthood, requiring other types of specialized interventions in order to treat it.
Studies conducted by the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group in the United States recommend parents take their children that are under the age of five to get an eye exam in order to detect other possible vision problems such as cataracts, strabismus, myopia or astigmatisms. This would allow for near vision to return to normal. If treatment is provided too late, it can cause permanent vision damage.
Symptoms of the condition:
- Crossed eyes or eyes that are turned outward.
- Uncoordinated eyes
- Inability to judge depth correctly
- Impaired vision in an eye
Vision is one of the most important senses humans have as it is the window to the rest of the universe.