Malaria can be prevented. Prevention efforts made starting in the year 2000 have proven to make significant results.
According to information from the World Health Organization (WHO) “Many countries where the transmission of this disease is active have experienced a significant reduction.” Specifically, new cases of malaria throughout the world reduced by 21% between 2010 and 2015.
This year, in celebration of World Malaria Day held on April 25, an emphasis has been made on continuing prevention efforts. Expanding the use of insecticide-treated nets and spraying the inside of homes with these products has played an important role in reducing the number of cases of malaria and malaria-related deaths.
While this disease appears to be remote, almost half of the population runs the risk of catching it. This potentially fatal disease is caused by parasites that are passed on to humans from the Anopheles mosquito genus that is infected by these parasites. This disease exists in 91 countries and regions, many of which exist in many regions of Latin America.
Recognizing its symptoms can be difficult at first, as they are similar to those of the common cold or flu: fever, headaches, chills and vomiting. When complications occur, especially among children, patients may experience severe anemia as well as respiratory distress caused by metabolic acidosis or cerebral malaria.