Lice are a frustrating problem for both children and adults. All people are susceptible to getting them.
Lice are usually transmitted through direct personal contact. They can be transmitted indirectly, however, through clothing, towels or sheets that have been compromised by this condition. This condition is found all over the world and exists in all societies, just like colds do.
As the World Health Organization states, while poor hygiene can lead to pediculosis (head lice), these insects affect both clean and dirty hairs equally.
As the Spanish Pediatrics Association mentions in its report on head lice, it is therefore important to understand that having lice “does not mean that children are dirty or careless. Having meticulous hygiene does not prevent infestation.”
Lice do not have wings, so they do not fly. They also do not jump, but they can move from one place to another easily and quickly through the hair, if it is dry. This is why they are more common among children, as they come into contact with each other when they play. With wet hair, lice have a harder time moving, they are more vulnerable, and they are easier to identify in order to eliminate them, the report adds.
According to the MedlinePlus web page, some symptoms of head lice include a tickling sensation in the head, frequent itching (caused by an allergic reaction to their bites) and problems sleeping (as lice are more active in the dark).
Treatments include over-the-counter or prescription shampoos, creams or lotions. These will come with instructions on how to apply them, how long to apply them for, how to use a comb (if necessary) and how to rinse.
Related article: Say goodbye to head lice